Artikel What is Insulin and Insulin Resistance?
What is Insulin and Insulin Resistance?

What is Insulin and Insulin Resistance?

Insulin is a hormone produced in the cells of the pancreas, which functions to regulate blood sugar levels in the body. Insulin will help blood glucose into muscle cells, fat, and liver which will then be used as a source of energy.

Then how does insulin work to regulate blood sugar levels in the body?
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, food consumed every day will be broken down into blood glucose (blood sugar). Blood sugar will then enter the bloodstream, at the same time the pancreatic cells will receive a signal to release insulin. The insulin that is released will bind to the insulin receptor on the outer surface of the cell, then insulin will help the blood sugar to enter the cell.

Blood sugar that enters the cells will be used by the body as a source of energy. Insulin will also give a signal to the liver to store blood sugar in the form of glycogen. Sugar levels in the bloodstream will drop because blood sugar has entered the cells and some is stored as glycogen in the liver. After 4-6 hours after eating, blood sugar will decrease. A decrease in blood sugar triggers the release of the hormone glucagon in the pancreas and suppresses insulin production. The hormone glucagon will signal the liver to break down glycogen into glucose and release it back into the blood so that it can be used again as an energy source.

In certain conditions the body's cells are not sensitive to the hormone insulin, this condition is known as insulin resistance. This insulin resistance causes high blood sugar levels in the body. If a person's blood sugar levels are high, it will cause diabetes mellitus. The cause of insulin resistance is unknown with certainty, but there are several factors that are suspected to be the cause of insulin resistance, namely:
• Obesity
• Lack of physical activity
• The presence of chronic inflammation in certain conditions. Inflammatory mediators can also inhibit signaling at insulin receptors, resulting in insulin resistance

The condition of insulin resistance occurs in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Patients who experience insulin resistance are at risk of developing cancer. In conditions of insulin resistance, blood sugar levels are still high, the body will give a signal to the pancreas to continue to release insulin so that blood sugar levels can drop. The release of insulin is also followed by the release of IGF-1 (Insulin-like Growth Factor-1), the excessive release of IGF-1 triggers the growth of cancer cells. Therefore, therapy that can regulate IGF-1 is also needed in order to prevent cancer.

Dialance is one of the new breakthroughs from Biotek Farmasi Indonesia for diabetes mellitus. Dialance is a hepatic regulator (a product that helps regulate liver function) which, according to an independent scientific journal, its composition can help regulate blood sugar levels, has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and IGF-1 effects. This feature will provide benefits for its users, like helping to normalize the body's blood sugar levels, helping to overcome inflammation/inflammation, and helping to overcome liver cell damage due to free radicals, and helping to overcome the growth of cancer cells.

Further information about the product can be seen in the product menu.
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