What is Oxidative Stress?
Free radicals in the form of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) and Reactive Nitrogen Species (RNS), can be generated from various metabolisms in the body (endogenous). Not only from the inside of the body, a person can also be exposed to free radicals from outside of the body (exogenous), such as cigarette smoke, ozone, radiation, and pollution.
The body itself has in fact a defense mechanism against free radicals. Free radicals will be neutralized with antioxidants in the body, however under certain conditions the antioxidants in the body cannot compensate for the number of free radicals. The condition in which the number of free radicals in the body is greater than the number of antioxidants is called oxidative stress.
Prolonged oxidative stress causes cell and tissue damage, and also leads to organ damage. The occurrence of organ damage due to oxidative stress can trigger various diseases, such as stroke, cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, kidney disorders, and cancer.
If oxidative stress occurs in kidney cells, it will cause damage to the mitochondria which are part of the cell. Damaged mitochondria cannot conduct their function to produce ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) or cellular energy. Lack of cellular energy in the kidneys results in kidney function to decline.
Although the body has antioxidants, it is also necessary to take antioxidants from outside the body to prevent oxidative stress. Intake of antioxidants can be obtained from foods such as carrots, apples, blueberries, and other colorful fruits. The use of antioxidants such as vitamin C is also commonly used, but should not be used excessively because it has the potential to cause calcium oxalate crystals in the form of kidney stones.
It should be noted that antioxidants have different potencies from one another. In this case, the ORAC (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) benchmark is used to determine how much antioxidants can be absorbed by the body. The higher the ORAC value, the better the potential of an antioxidant. One fruit that has a high ORAC value is Maqui berry (Aristotelia chilensis) with an ORAC value of 10000-25000 μmol TE/100 g fw.
The combined components of several products from Biotek Farmasi Indonesia have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory characteristics, they can also increase cellular energy/ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) thus they can help maintain the body's immunity against diseases. Products from Biotek Farmasi Indonesia are originator products, not imitating existing ones. They were developed based on years of research.
Further information about the products can be found in the product page.